Bulgaria

Why to choose Bulgaria as the destination for your Nature holiday?

Still unknown to many foreign visitors, Bulgaria is actually a green country with four mild, but well discernable seasons and very variable terrain. High mountains, deep gorges, untouched forests, rivers, broad plains, numerous cliffs as well as the sea coast are situated in a relatively small territory making the country diverse and interesting. Because of its geographical position and the different habitats, the country boasts one of the richest biodiversity in Europe.

Birds

Bulgaria has more than 400 bird species, of which 267 breed here. In the summer it is one of the best places in Europe to see species such as Olive-tree and Paddyfield warblers, Semi-collared Flycatcher, Isabelline and Pied wheatears, White-backed Woodpecker, Masked Shrike, Rock Nuthatch, Black-headed Bunting, Levant Sparrowhawk and Long-legged Buzzard. Many other rare or hard to find species are easy to observe here пїЅ Rock Partridge, Barred Warbler, Hazel Hen and the woodpeckers are just a few. Bulgaria is
definitely the best place in Europe to watch Wallcreeper. Additionally almost all of the pecies
breed here in considerable numbers and the population of one million pairs of Corn Bunting is the simplest evidence of this.

The second biggest migration route in Europe follows the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. Every
year hundreds of thousands of raptors, storks, pelicans, waders and passerines fly over it to
their wintering grounds, making the observation of the migration spectacular and unforgettable.

The Bulgarian Black Sea coast is also the haunt of many wintering species. The Red-breasted Goose is undoubtedly the highlight of them all. In January and February almost the whole winter population of this handsome bird can be found concentrated at two small lakes in the northeastern part of the country. The observation of 20,000 Red-breasted geese is an amazing event for any birdwatcher. Bulgaria is also the most important wintering ground for Pygmy Cormorant which has good numbers here пїЅ up to 12,000. Other globally threatened species found in Bulgaria during the winter are Lesser White-fronted Goose, White-headed Duck, Dalmatian Pelican, and Spotted Eagle. Many other raptors, geese, ducks and passerines spend the winter months here.


Mammals

The mammals family is also well presented, as 87 species are represented here, many of them by quite stable populations. More than six hundreds Brown bears and about one thousand wolves are to be found in the country. Many other species, such as Golden Jackal, Common Otter, Wild Cat, Badger, Suslick and others are actually quite numerous. Rare and difficult species such as Marbled and Steppe polecats also occur in very good numbers. Bulgaria has a uniquely high diversity of bats. Out of the 35 species found in Europe, 33 species are known to inhabit Bulgaria. The major reasons for the great species richness
and abundance of bats are the countryпїЅs transitional geographic position, the mosaic of various habitats, the extensive farming activities in the semi-mountain regions, the high diversity of insects and last but not the least is the presence of over 5 400 caves.

Butterflies and moths

The butterfly and moth fauna is also considerable пїЅ more than 3000 species have been recorded, including 220 native butterfly species. The unique character of the Bulgarian butterfly fauna is determined by the number of Balkan-Anatolian and Balkan-Turanic species living in the southern part of the country, as well as more than thirty endemics and glacial relicts which occupy the Subalpine belts of the high mountains. The country holds important populations of several species restricted to Europe and considered globally threatened. There are many sites with well preserved butterfly habitats, especially in some river valleys and national park areas of Stara planina (the Balkan), Rila and Pirin Mountains.


Flora

Bulgaria has some of the richest flora in Europe: 3550 пїЅ 3750 higher plant species and nearly 850 subspecies. Of special importance are the endemic and relict species which constitute quite a significant part of BulgariaпїЅs higher plant flora. About 170 species and 100 subspecies are identified as Bulgarian endemics. Characteristic and unique to Bulgaria are species such as Primula deorum, Lilium rhodopaeaum, Oxytropis urumovii, Betonica bulgarica and many others, most of which are concentrated in the largest mountain ranges. Balkan endemics number up to 300 species and subspecies. Among them are Pinus
peuce, Haberlea rhodopensis, Sideritis scardica, Aquilegia aurea, Centranthus kellererii, Geum bulgaricum, Viola delphinantha and many others. Orchids, the most spectacular of plant families, are very well represented in Bulgaria пїЅ with 68 species. As well as the common orchids such as Early purple orchid, Green-winged orchid, Common spotted orchid, Fragrant orchid, Early marsh orchid, Red and White helleborine and others, a
number of very rare orchids such as LadyпїЅs slipper, Violet birdпїЅs-nest orchid, Ghost orchid and others can be seen here.

So, two of the most frequently asked questions пїЅ why in Bulgaria and when? пїЅ have easy answers. Virtually all year round the country can offer you an exciting wildlife or botanic holiday.

Wildlife photography

The beautiful nature with rich biodiversity and plenty of suitable, easy to approach sites make
Bulgaria a great place for wildlife photography. Many of the photographersпїЅ favourite European species are represented by quite good populations in Bulgaria пїЅ the Roller, the Hoopoe, the Wryneck, the Bee-eater, the Golden Eagle etc.

Spatia Wildlife already has a dozen of hides which provide excellent opportunities for bird
photography. We have run tens of photography tours and guided some of the leading European wildlife photographers.

Bats and caves in southern Bulgaria

Bats and caves in southern Bulgaria

Saturday 5th - Sunday 13th May 2018

COST: 1 080 EUR

Group size: 6 - 10 + leader

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Reptiles and amphibians

Reptiles and amphibians

Thursday 3rd - Monday 14th May 2018

COST: 1 420 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Via Pontica - Early Autumn Migration

Via Pontica - Early Autumn Migration

Saturday 2nd - Saturday 9th September 2017

COST: 1 220 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Bulgaria in Winter

Bulgaria in Winter

Sunday 21st - Sunday 28th January 2018

COST: 760 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Red-breasted Geese Special

Red-breasted Geese Special

Sunday 28th January - Thursday 1st February 2018

COST: 485 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Bulgaria in Spring

Bulgaria in Spring

Sunday 6th - Thursday 17th May 2018

COST: 1 195 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Via Pontica - Early Autumn Migration

Via Pontica - Early Autumn Migration

Saturday 1st - Saturday 8th September 2018

COST: 1 220 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Hazel Groose and Rock Patridge

Hazel Groose and Rock Patridge

COST: 850 EUR

Group size: 4 - 7 + leader

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Via Pontica - Late Autumn Migration

Via Pontica - Late Autumn Migration

COST: 790 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Rock Partridge Special

Rock Partridge Special

COST: 530 EUR

Group size: 4 - 7 + leader

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Eastern and British Raptors

Eastern and British Raptors

COST: 1 190 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Late spring botany

Late spring botany

COST: 1 320 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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On the track of the wolf pack

On the track of the wolf pack

Saturday 21st - Saturday 28th April 2018

COST: 1 180 EUR

Group size: 2 - 4 + leader

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Early Butterflies

Early Butterflies

Monday 23rd April - Saturday 5th May 2018

COST: 1 390 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Scarce Butterflies

Scarce Butterflies

Saturday 9th - Wednesday 20th June 2018

COST: 1 260 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Butterflies of the West Balkan

Butterflies of the West Balkan

Saturday 9th - Wednesday 20th June 2018

COST: 1 470 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Butterflies of the Balkans - Bulgaria, Macedonia and Greece

Butterflies of the Balkans - Bulgaria, Macedonia and Greece

Sunday 8th - Sunday 22nd July 2018

COST: 1 690 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Dragonflies of Bulgaria

Dragonflies of Bulgaria

Wednesday 6th - Tuesday 19th June 2018

COST: 1 540 EUR

Group size: 6 - 12 + leader

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Birds, butterflies and bears

Birds, butterflies and bears

Sunday 3rd - Monday 11th June 2018

COST: 1 090 EUR

Group size: 4 - 8 + leader

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Mediterranean Winter - bird photography in Bulgaria and Greece

Mediterranean Winter - bird photography in Bulgaria and Greece

Saturday 20th - Sunday 28th January 2018

COST: 1 525 EUR

Group size: 3 - 7 + leader

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Autumn Wetland Birds

Autumn Wetland Birds

Saturday 5th - Saturday 12th August 2017

COST: 1 400 EUR

Group size: 2 - 6 + leader

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Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Sunday 19th - Saturday 25th November 2017

COST: 1 345 EUR

Group size: 2 - 4 + leader

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Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Sunday 10th - Saturday 16th December 2017

COST: 1 345 EUR

Group size: 2 - 4 + leader

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Red-breasted geese photography

Red-breasted geese photography

Friday 9th - Friday 16th February 2018

COST: 1 130 EUR

Group size: 2 - 3 + leader

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Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Sunday 11th - Saturday 17th February 2018

COST: 1 345 EUR

Group size: 2 - 4 + leader

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Just Capercaillies

Just Capercaillies -NEW-

Sunday 22nd - Saturday 28th April 2018

COST: 1 380 EUR

Group size: 2 - 4 + leader

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Spring Wetland Birds

Spring Wetland Birds

Tuesday 1st - Tuesday 8th May 2018

COST: 1 400 EUR

Group size: 2 - 6 + leader

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Rollers and Bee-eaters

Rollers and Bee-eaters

Saturday 26th May - Saturday 2nd June 2018

COST: 1 350 EUR

Group size: 2 - 6 + leader

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Mediterranean Summer

Mediterranean Summer

Sunday 27th May - Sunday 3rd June 2018

COST: 1 400 EUR

Group size: 4 - 6 + leader

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Butterflies and Macro Photography

Butterflies and Macro Photography

Sunday 10th - Sunday 17th June 2018

COST: 890 EUR

Group size: 2 - 6 + leader

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Autumn Wetland Birds

Autumn Wetland Birds

Saturday 4th - Saturday 11th August 2018

COST: 1 400 EUR

Group size: 2 - 6 + leader

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Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Sunday 18th - Saturday 24th November 2018

COST: 1 345 EUR

Group size: 2 - 4 + leader

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Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Golden eagles and winter birds photography

Sunday 9th - Saturday 15th December 2018

COST: 1 345 EUR

Group size: 2 - 4 + leader

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